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Glass House Mountains History


Another nice Glass House Mountains history page by Gavin Dale, Glasshouse Bushwalkers Club Inc. His introduction I'll excerpt here:

There are three histories of the Glasshouse Mountains, which when woven together produce the awe-inspiring feeling that equates the scenery of these magnificent mountains.  The histories are the geologic history (millions of years), aboriginal history (dreamtime) (thousands of years), and the European history (hundreds of years). more...

Local History | Last 200 years | Terra Australis | Dreamtime | Gondwana

Glasshouse History

I moved to Old Gympie Road, Glass House Mountains on September 1st 2005. A year later my father owns this property and I am here to save my neighbours property and also the many, many animals that call this area home. GMAN (Glasshouse Mountains Advancement Network) have planted over 1000 plants along the creek near Mt Tibrogargan northern base to allow animals a natural passage west from 'progress'. Kookaburra Cottage is at the western most end of this rejuvenation where the land must be saved to allow forever passage west... I was most interested in the local history when I first moved in here and my kind Landlord Richard leant me a copy of, "From Spear & Musket 1879 - 1979 Caboolture Centenary" It was commissioned by the Council of the Shire of Caboolture to Commemorate the Centenary of Local Government in the area. I.S.B.N. 0 9595644 0 3

I enjoyed reading the book and found the Forward makes a nice read.

Forward

The history of Caboolture Shire land is as old as the European history in Queensland.

The ancient land which spreads sandy beaches to meet the waters of Moreton Bay and the Pacific Ocean on the seaward shore of Bribie Island holds history of two races.

The history of the Aboriginal people whispers in the Casuarinas along the beaches; lives in the lap of small waves when the night tides rise through the mangroves of Pumicestone Passage; calls with the sea curlew; awakens each morning with the laughter of the kookaburra, and sobs, broken, in the brief accounts written by Europeans.

The European history of the land which was to become part of Caboolture Divisional Board and later, the Caboolture Shire, commenced on Thursday 17th May 1770, when H.M.S "Endeavour" sailed along shore at a distance of about two leagues off before a fresh southerly breeze.

Aboriginal people on the land who watched the white sails far out to sea wrote nothing.

It would be unreal to suppose they realised that those white sails signaled the end of their domination of the land which had been theirs for uncounted generations.

History turns on small incidents.

Aboard H.M.S. "Endeavour" Lieutenant (later Captain) James Cook from far away Yorkshire wrote his log, beginning European history in a new land. See map signed by Captain James Cook

Henry Stuart Russell in his "The Genesis of Queensland", 1888, gives this as an extract from Cook's Journal for Thursday 17th May, 1770.

"...however, if any future navigator should be disposed to determine the question whether there is or is not a river in this place, which the wind would not permit us to do, the situation may be always found by three hills, which lie to the northward of it, in the latitude of twenty six degrees fifty three minutes. These hills lie but a little way inland, and not far from each other: they are remarkable for the singular form of their elevation, which very much resembles a glass house, and for this reason I called them the Glass Houses: the northern most of the three is the highest and largest; there are several other peaked hills inland to the northward of these, but they are not nearly so remarkable.."

Lieutenant (later Captain) James Cook 17 May 1770

Twenty nine years passed before European eyes again gazed on these strange mountains, and the first European foot marked the land which in 1979 2006 is part of Caboolture Shire.

Click to EnlargeLieutenant (later Captain) Matthew Flinders left Sydney on 8th July 1799 in H.M. Sloop "Norfolk". A voyage of six days brought him to Cape Moreton on Sunday 14th July. On Monday 15th while ranging within a mile of the shore ten natives were counted, half of whom were probably women, from their keeping behind the others.

At eight in the evening "Norfolk" anchored in eleven fathoms, about two miles from a low sandy shore on the west side of the Bay.

The history of two races was at meeting point.

At daylight on Tuesday 16th July, 1799 "Norfolk" weighed anchor. The wind was from the southward. There was a strong flood tide.

At a quarter past eight in the morning the "Norfolk" dropped anchor in three and a half fathoms in an opening in the low western land.

After breakfast Lieutenant Flinders and a party went in a boat towards the opening. As they approached the sandy point on the east side of the opening some dogs "came down upon the beach". Soon after several natives appeared, most of them carrying fishing nets over their shoulders.

The Europeans in the boat lay upon their oars for some time, conversing with the natives ashore by signs. As they seemed friendly Bong-ree (Bongaree) the Sydney native in the boat went ashore, naked and unarmed, to meet them.

Then Lieutenant Flinders went ashore, taking his gun with him.
He laid the gun on the sandy beach and offered them a woolen cap. A native took the cap, but when Lieutenant Flinders, by signs, indicated that he expected the native's net bag in return for the cap, the native gave him understanding that he wanted Flinders' hat as part of the bargain. This hat was made of the white filaments of the cabbage tree.

As the hat was not given the native threw the cap he had received on to the beach behind him to secure it.

Flinders and Bong-ree retreated slowly towards the waiting boat, but turned again upon finding the natives close behind. One of them, laughing and talking, at the same time attempted to take the hat off Flinders' head with a long hooked stick, This failed and created a laugh.

As Flinders and his party got into the boat and shoved off into deep water the natives tried to persuade them to land again. When this failed one of them threw a piece of firewood. This fell short, and the matter was treated as a joke.

Another native ran into the water and threw a piece of wood. This also fell short. He then took the hooked stick which he held, slipped off the hook, which evidently was only lashed or tied on, and produced a spear, which he threw by hand.

It passed over the centre if the boat but touched no one. Flinders snapped his gun at the man, but the flint having received some wet when the gun was laid upon the beach, it missed fire.

The gun was loaded with buck shot. Flinders was tempted to fire among the cluster of natives standing on the beach; but instead tried again at the offended, who was still standing in the water, with his back towards them, and calling to his companions.

The gun again missed fire.

At this point it appears that European history proceeded, with a gun pointed at an aboriginal's back. The account from "The Explorers of the Moreton Bay District 1770-1830", J. G. Steele, goes on:
"While this was transacting, the major part of the natives were observing Mr Flinders' motions with much unconcern. On the third trial, however, it went off. The man in the water fell flat, as did every individual among them; but those on shore rose almost instantaneously, and scrambled away towards the bank, some upright and some upon their hands and feet. One of the people in the boat then fired among them, and they again fell upon their faces; but they all got up and flew immediately behind the bank into the wood.

Even the man in the water rose up, and made-off; but his progress was much slower than that of the others, and he stooped a great deal, carrying one hand behind him and upon his back. From hence it was conjectured that he was wounded, and he looked every now and then over his shoulder as if expecting to see the spear that he supposed must be sticking in his back.

According to Bong-ree's account, another native had his arm broken by the second shot."

So the histories of Aboriginals and Europeans met at 'Skirmish Point', Bribie Island,now in Caboolture Shire, and were sealed in blood with spear and musket.


Australia Overview

Australia(origin) , officially the Commonwealth of Australia , is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the world's smallest continent and a number of islands in the Southern , Indian , and Pacific Oceans . Neighbouring countries include Indonesia , East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands , Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast.

The mainland of the continent of Australia has been inhabited for more than 42,000 years by Indigenous Australians . After sporadic visits by fishermen from the north and by European explorers and merchants starting in the seventeenth century, the eastern half of the mainland was claimed by the British in 1770 and officially settled through penal transportation as the colony of New South Wales on 26 January 1788 . As the population grew and new areas were explored, another five largely self-governing Crown Colonies were successively established over the course of the nineteenth century.

On 1 January 1901 , the six colonies federated and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. Since federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system and remains a Commonwealth Realm . The capital city is Canberra , located in the self-governing Australian Capital Territory . The current national population is around 20.6 million people, and is concentrated mainly in the large coastal cities of Sydney , Melbourne , Brisbane , Perth , and Adelaide .

Origin and history of the name

View of Port Jackson, the site where Sydney was established, taken from the South Head. (From A Voyage to Terra Australis.) View of Port Jackson , the site where Sydney was established, taken from the South Head. (From A Voyage to Terra Australis .)

The name Australia is derived from the Latin Australis , meaning of the South . Legends of an "unknown land of the south" ( terra australis incognita ) dating back to Roman times were commonplace in mediaeval geography, but they were not based on any actual knowledge of the continent. The Dutch adjectival form Australische was used by Dutch officials in Batavia to refer to the newly discovered land to the south as early as 1638. The first use of the word "Australia" in English was a 1693 translation of Les Aventures de Jacques Sadeur dans la Découverte et le Voyage de la Terre Australe , a 1692 French novel by Gabriel de Foigny under the pen name Jacques Sadeur. [1] Alexander Dalrymple then used it in An Historical Collection of Voyages and Discoveries in the South Pacific Ocean (1771), to refer to the entire South Pacific region. In 1793, George Shaw and Sir James Smith published Zoology and Botany of New Holland , in which they wrote of "the vast island, or rather continent, of Australia, Australasia or New Holland ."

The name "Australia" was popularised by the 1814 work A Voyage to Terra Australis by the navigator Matthew Flinders who was the first person to circumnavigate Australia. Despite its title, which reflected the view of the Admiralty, Flinders used the word "Australia" in the book, which was widely read and gave the term general currency. Governor Lachlan Macquarie of New South Wales subsequently used the word in his dispatches to England . In 1817, he recommended that it be officially adopted. In 1824, the British Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as Australia.
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History

Main article: History of Australia

The first human habitation of Australia is estimated to have occurred between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. [2] The first Australians were the ancestors of the current Indigenous Australians ; they arrived via land bridges and short sea-crossings from present-day Southeast Asia . Most of these people were hunter-gatherers , with a complex oral culture and spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime . The Torres Strait Islanders , ethnically Melanesian , inhabited the Torres Strait Islands and parts of far-north Queensland ; they possess cultural practices distinct from the Aborigines.

Lieutenant James Cook charted the East coast of Australia on HM Bark Endeavour, claiming the land for Britain in 1770. This replica was built in Fremantle in 1988; photographed in Cooktown harbour where Cook spent 7 weeks. Lieutenant James Cook charted the East coast of Australia on HM Bark Endeavour , claiming the land for Britain in 1770. This replica was built in Fremantle in 1988; photographed in Cooktown harbour where Cook spent 7 weeks.

The first undisputed recorded European sighting of the mainland of the Australian continent was made by the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon , who sighted the coast of Cape York Peninsula in 1606. During the seventeenth century, the Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines of what they called New Holland , but made no attempt at settlement. In 1770, James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast of Australia, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Britain. The expedition's discoveries provided impetus for the establishment of a penal colony there following the loss of the American colonies that had previously filled that role.

The British Crown Colony of New South Wales started with the establishment of a settlement at Port Jackson by Captain Arthur Phillip on 26 January 1788 . This date was later to become Australia's national day , Australia Day . Van Diemen's Land , now known as Tasmania , was settled in 1803 and became a separate colony in 1825. The United Kingdom formally claimed the western part of Australia in 1829. Separate colonies were created from parts of New South Wales: South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, and Queensland in 1859. The Northern Territory (NT) was founded in 1863 as part of the Province of South Australia. South Australia was founded as a "free province" that is, it was never a penal colony. Victoria and Western Australia were also founded "free", but later accepted transported convicts. The transportation of convicts to Australia was phased out between 1840 and 1864.

Port Arthur, Tasmania was Australia's largest penal colony.Port Arthur , Tasmania was Australia's largest penal colony.

The Indigenous Australian population, estimated at about 350,000 at the time of European settlement, [3] declined steeply for 150 years following settlement, mainly because of infectious disease combined with forced re-settlement and cultural disintegration. The removal of children , that some historians and Indigenous Australians have argued could be considered to constitute genocide by today's understanding, [4] may have made a small contribution to the decline in the indigenous population. Such interpretations of Aboriginal history are disputed by some as being exaggerated or fabricated for political or ideological reasons. [5] This debate is known within Australia as the History Wars . Following the 1967 referendum , the Federal government gained the power to implement policies and make laws with respect to Aborigines. Traditional ownership of land native title was not recognised until the High Court case Mabo v Queensland (No 2) overturned the notion of Australia as terra nullius at the time of European occupation.

The Last Post is played at an ANZAC Day ceremony in Port Melbourne, Victoria , 25 April 2005 . Ceremonies such as this are held in virtually every suburb and town in Australia.

A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, and the Eureka Stockade rebellion in 1854 was an early expression of nationalist sentiment. Between 1855 and 1890, the six colonies individually gained responsible government , managing most of their own affairs while remaining part of the British Empire . The Colonial Office in London retained control of some matters, notably foreign affairs, defence and international shipping. On 1 January 1901 , federation of the colonies was achieved after a decade of planning, consultation and voting, and the Commonwealth of Australia was born, as a Dominion of the British Empire . The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) was formed from New South Wales in 1911 to provide a location for the proposed new federal capital of Canberra ( Melbourne was the capital from 1901 to 1927). The Northern Territory was transferred from the control of the South Australian government to the Commonwealth in 1911. Australia willingly participated in World War I ; [6] many Australians regard the defeat of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZACs) at Gallipoli as the birth of the nation its first major military action. Much like Gallipoli, the Kokoda Track Campaign is regarded by many as a nation-defining battle from World War II .

The Statute of Westminster 1931 formally ended most of the constitutional links between Australia and the United Kingdom, but Australia did not adopt the Statute until 1942. The shock of the United Kingdom's defeat in Asia in 1942 and the threat of Japanese invasion caused Australia to turn to the United States as a new ally and protector. Since 1951, Australia has been a formal military ally of the US under the auspices of the ANZUS treaty. After World War II, Australia encouraged mass immigration from Europe; since the 1970s and the abolition of the White Australia policy , immigration from Asia and other parts of the world was also encouraged. As a result, Australia's demography, culture and image of itself were radically transformed. The final constitutional ties between Australia and the United Kingdom ended in 1986 with the passing of the Australia Act 1986 , ending any British role in the Australian States, and ending judicial appeals to the UK Privy Council . Australian voters rejected a move to become a republic in 1999 by a 55% majority. [7] Since the election of the Whitlam Government in 1972, there has been an increasing focus on the nation's future as a part of the Asia-Pacific region ...

Find out more...

Wikipedia contributors. Australia [Internet]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia; 2006 Sep 30, 09:01 UTC [cited 2006 Oct 1]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Australia&oldid=78658015 .

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Terra Australis

Terra Australis (also: Terra Australis Incognita , Latin for "the unknown land of the South") was an imaginary continent, appearing on European maps from the 15th to the 18th century .

Terra Australis - Old AustraliaIt was introduced by Aristotle . Aristotle's ideas were later expanded by Ptolemy , a Greek cartographer from the first century AD , who believed that the Indian Ocean was enclosed on the south by land. When, during the Renaissance , Ptolemy became the main source of information for European cartographers, the land started to appear on their maps. Although voyages of discovery did sometimes reduce the area where the continent could be found, cartographers kept drawing it on their maps and scientists argued for its existence, with such arguments as that there should be a large landmass in the south as a counterweight to the known landmasses in the Northern Hemisphere . Usually the land was shown as a continent around the South Pole , but much larger than the actual Antarctica , spreading far north -- in particular in the Pacific Ocean . New Zealand , first seen by a European ( Abel Tasman ) in 1642 , was by some regarded as a part of the continent, as well as Africa and Australia .

The idea of Terra Australis was finally corrected by Matthew Flinders and James Cook .

Cook circumnavigated New Zealand, showing it could not be part of a large continent. On his second voyage he circumnavigated the globe at a very high southern latitude , at some places even crossing the south polar circle , showing that any possible southern continent must lie well within the cold polar areas. There could be no extension into regions with a temperate climate , as had been thought before.

Flinders took command of an expedition to investigate the coastline of Australia in 1801, which he circled in an anti-clockwise direction, threading the Great Barrier Reef through what is now called Flinders Passage and surveying the Gulf of Carpentaria in the north. His charts of the coastline were remarkably accurate. After completing his work in 1803, he sailed for England. His ship was wrecked on an uncharted reef, however, and he returned to Australia in the ship's cutter, a remarkable 1,130-km (700-mile) journey. Although practically unheard of in his native England, Flinders is well known in Australia, where he has more statues erected in his honour than anyone else, with the exception of Queen Victoria .

The country of Australia was first termed Terra Australis by Flinders when he wrote a book of this title containing the maps he had made on his several voyages.

Wikipedia contributors. Terra Australis. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. September 9, 2006, 21:19 UTC. Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Terra_Australis&oldid=74783069 . Accessed October 1, 2006.

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The Dreamtime

Native Legend of the
Glasshouse Mountains


It seems that Tibrogargan, the father, and Beerwah, the mother, had many children - Coonoowrin (the eldest), Beerburrum, the Tunbubudla twins,
Coochin, Ngungun, Tibberoowuccum, Miketeebumulgrai and Elimbah.  According to the story there was also Round who was fat and small, and Wild Horse who was always straying away to paddle in the sea.

One day, when Tibrogargan was gazing out to sea he noticed a great rising of the water. Hurrying off to gather his younger children in order to flee
to the safety of the mountains to the westward, he called out to Coonowrin to help his mother, who by the way, was again with child. Looking back to
see how Coonowrin was assisting Beerwah, Tibrogargan was greatly angered to see him running off alone. He pursued Coonowrin and, raising his club,
struck the latter such a mighty blow that it dislocated Coonowrin's neck, and he has never been able to straighten it since.

When the floods had subsided and the family had returned to the plains, the other children teased Coonowrin about his crooked neck. Feeling ashamed,
Coonowrin went to Tibrogargan and asked for forgiveness, but filled with shame at his son's cowardice, Tibrogargan could do nothing but weep copious
tears, which, trickling along the ground, formed a stream which flowed into the sea.

Then Coonowrin went to his brothers and sisters, but they also wept at the shame of their brother's cowardice. The lamentations of Coonowrin's parents
and his brothers and sisters at his disgrace explain the presence today of the numerous small streams of the area.

Tibrogargan then called Coonowrin, asking him why he had deserted Beerwah; at which Coonowrin replied that as Beerwah was the biggest of them all she
should be able to take care of herself. He did not know that Beerwah was again pregnant, which was the reason for her great size. Then Tibrogargan
turned his back on Coonowrin and vowed that he would never look at him again.

Even today, Tibrogargan gazes far out to sea and never looks around at Coonowrin, who hangs his head and cries, his tears running off to the sea.
His mother Beerwah, is still heavy with child as it takes a long, long time to give birth to a mountain.

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Gondwana - 200 Million years ago

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The southern supercontinent Gondwana (originally Gondwanaland ) included most of the landmasses in today's southern hemisphere , including Antarctica , South America , Africa , Madagascar , Australia-New Guinea , and New Zealand , as well as Arabia and India , which are in the Northern Hemisphere .The name Gondwanaland is derived from ancient Gond tribe of India.

 

Wikipedia contributors. Gondwana [Internet]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia; 2006 Sep 22, 14:19 UTC [cited 2006 Oct 1]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gondwana&oldid=77172396 .



These entries are from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer ) TOP

 
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